The World Health Organization considers a premature baby when it is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy or weighing less than
2,500 grams. Depending on how early a baby is born, it can consider: late premature (between week 34 and week 36), moderate premature (between week 32 and week 34), very premature (before week 32 week of pregnancy) or extreme premature (before 25 weeks of pregnancy) .
Not all premature babies have complications. However, being born prematurely, they are not very prepared for extrauterine life. They may suffer cardiac complications, retinopathy, neurodevelopmental involvement, etc. Some of the most frequent complications are: poor control of blood glucose levels, anaemia, jaundice, infections, respiratory failure, cerebral haemorrhage or damage to the cerebral white matter, persistent ductus arteriosus, apneas or intestinal inflammation serious .
These difficulties often pose great challenges to neonatologists. The main objectives of these professionals are to reduce mortality within the limits of the viability of the baby and to integrate the family in the treatment of the newborn.
Neostart is a design thinking program through which we bring together parents of premature children, neonatologists, staff of neonatology units, hospital pharmacists, engineers and Chiesi staff to identify the most important challenges related to quality of life of pre-tutor children and their families and, from them, develop a prototype.